The Miro-F Class A permanent installation power quality recorder, specifically designed for transformer monitoring, is a precision instrument that offers comprehensive and reliable LV side transformer monitoring. The Miro-F, measures three phase voltages, four currents (three phases and neutral) and two temperatures; and with integrated remote cellular communications (3G/4G) and DNP3, is ideally suited for network asset management.
Proudly designed and manufactured in Australia by CHK Power Quality Pty Ltd.
Large scale network monitoring solutions utilising multiple Miro-F instruments can be implemented (as shown in figure 3); and can provide planning and network engineers with information for planning, operations, maintenance and network modelling.
The Miro-F incorporates permanently attached current sensors, temperature probes and voltage leads. The current sensors (Clamp on CTs or Rogowski coils) can be customised to the transformer rated load. The Miro-F incorporates a back-plate and four magnetic feet for quick and easy installation on to transformer chassis. The weatherproof design (IP66) enables installation on pole-top transformers.
Automatic DNP3: Limited data points polled periodically by a DNP master, stored in third party database, viewed by third party viewer for interrogation and analysis ( currently under development).
Automatic FTP uploads: Full PQ data including event captures pushed periodically to FTP server, to be viewed by proprietary Citrus software or converted to PQDIF format for use with third party analysis tools.
Manual TCP/IP: Connect using CITRUS TCP/IP connection, inserting a static IP address which provides a transparent connection and allows configuration, download of logged data and firmware updates.
The above systems can be deployed anywhere within cellular coverage and can support multiple Miro-F instruments.
Key hardware features
- Certified to IEC61000-4-30, Class A
- AC and DC voltage and current measurements.
- Two temperature probes.
- Expansion port (optional) allows for system expansion to include additional sensors, input/output controls and custom interfaces which broaden the Miro-F system platform. Example interfaces include DGA, Hydrogen and Bushing monitors.
- Powered from Phase A to Neutral.
- Starts logging on power up.
- Concurrent logging at multiple log intervals: 10/12 cycles, 150/180 cycles, 10s (freq.), 10m, 2h, and user settable.
- Gapless logging: User can download data, clear log memory and configure the device with no interruption to logging.
- Internal backup battery: 5 minute back up time as standard, with option to extend upon request.
- GPS and external GPS antenna (optional).
- Cellular communications options (2G/3G/4G) are integrated within the enclosure – no additional peripherals required other than an external antenna.
- Graphical colour display
- Voltage and current waveforms.
- Phasor diagrams.
- Status information.
- User defined screen.
- Logged memory: 8GB.
Key software (CITRUS) features
- The CITRUS platform is powerful, easy to use and intuitive application software that supports all CHKPQ products. It provides tools for: device management; data analysis; and reporting.
- Pre-defined configurations for easy setup.
- Create and store different configuration files for quick retrieval.
- Online monitor, with event trigger option.
- View different log file data on the same graph to compare PQ measurements (use GPS to time synchronise loggers).
- Event type filter included, to view only desired events.
- Analysis and Compliance reporting
- Voltage compliance profiles available;
- User definable voltage compliance profiles.
- Harmonic compliance report available.
- Energy; Daily Min/Max; ITI (CBEMA) curve.
- Customised reports (available upon request).
- Ability to edit an active view: Text and arrow annotation and title options available.
- Generate a PDF, CSV file, or table.
- Save and Print view.
- Split or combine voltage and current graphs.
- Multiple measurements on a single graph.
- Horizontal and vertical cursors for accurate measurements.
- Horizontal and vertical axes zooming functions.
- PQDIF export – ‘PQView’ compatible.
- Automatic FTP uploads.
|Power quality parameters|
|Class A declared/nominal input||230V 50Hz/60Hz|
|Power frequency||IEC61000-4-30 (section 5.1).|
|Magnitude of the supply voltage||IEC61000-4-30 (section 5.2).|
|Supply voltage dips and swells||IEC61000-4-30 (section 5.4).|
|Voltage interruptions||IEC61000-4-30 (section 5.5).|
|Supply voltage unbalance||IEC61000-4-30 (section 5.7).|
|Voltage harmonics||IEC61000-4-30 (section 5.8).|
|A to D Conversion||16 bits.|
|Samples per cycle||384 @ 50 Hz; 320 @ 60 Hz.|
|Sampling Rate||Nominal: 19.2kHz synchronised to mains.|
|Anti-aliasing||High-frequency components attenuated by at least 50dB so as not to interfere with harmonic measurements.|
|Frequency||Range: 50Hz nominal (42.5-57.5)Hz, 60Hz nominal (51.0-69.0)Hz; Full range: (40-70)Hz. Measurement: 10s; Accuracy: ±5mHz referenced to RTC, ±1mHz referenced to GPS.|
|Magnitude of the supply voltage (true RMS)||Measurement: 10/12 cycle rmsRange: 10% to 150% of nominal value with accuracy of ±0.1% of nominal value under conditions specified in IEC61000-4-30 section 6.1.|
|Dips and swells||Measurement: 1-cycle rms updated every half cycle. Accuracy: ±0.2% of nominal value, ±1 cycle.Range (magnitude) 0 to 200%.Range (duration) minimum 0.5 cycles by definition. No upper limit.|
|Voltage interruptions||Measurement: 1-cycle rms updated every half cycle. Accuracy: ±1 cycle.Range (duration) minimum 0.5 cycles by definition. No upper limit.|
|Voltage and current unbalance||Applicable 3 phase systems and evaluated using the method of symmetrical components. Metrics: u2 = (U2/U1) and U0 = (U0/U1). U0, U1 and U2 are sequence components. Range: 0.5% to 5% of U2 and U0. Accuracy: ±0.15%.|
|Power meter||Power-kW, Power-kVA, Power-kVAR, True Power Factor (TPF), Displacement Power Factor (DPF).|
|Voltage harmonics||IEC61000-4-7, Class I (up to 50th harmonic). Range: 10% to 200% of Class 3 electromagnetic environment in IEC 61000-2-4. Metrics: voltage and current magnitude and angle.51st to 100th: Indication only.|
|Total harmonic distortion (THD)||IEC61000-4-7, THDS (up to 50th harmonic)|
|Crest factor||Indicates peak-to-rms ratio of waveform. ±1%.|
|Temperature||Two temperature channels measured each second, recording at adjustable, 10-min and 2-hour intervals. Measurement:-50°C to +150°C. Accuracy: ±1°C.|
|High speed event recording|
|Triggers||User defined. Sliding reference, Dip/Swell, transient (dv/dt), manual (via Online Monitor)|
|Event RMS capture (half cycle RMS)||2.5s pre trigger, 25s post trigger (50Hz)|
|Wired data (standard)||USB 2.0.|
|Wireless (options)||Cellular remote communications integrated within the instrument.|
|Logged data memory||8GB.|
|Logging intervals||All IEC61000-4-30 intervals simultaneously plus adjustable interval from 1s to 3600s.|
|Measurements||All measurements simultaneously.|
|GPS location (optional)||GPS location coordinates logged periodically.|
|Circuit connections||Three phase delta, three phase Wye, split phase* & single phase.|
|Data file||PQA format binary with CSV export.|
|Data display||Real time measurements of basic parameters via LCD, all parameters via Online Monitor.|
|Voltage channels (AC/DC)||Isolated. 3 or 4 independent 2-wire inputs depending on model and voltage lead options.|
|Voltage range||Powered from phase A and Neutral: 400VACrms|
|Voltage surge protection (differential)||4kV Fast transients, 6kV 1.2/50us impulse – no effect. Recalibration may be required after impulses significantly exceeding 6kV.|
|Current channels (AC/DC)||4. Hall effect clamp-on sensor required to measure DC.|
|Current range||Dependent upon current sensor.|
|Temperature channels||2 x PT100 RTD Class B, M8 connectors.|
|Expansion Module Port||UART / SPI interface for future system upgrade. Allows for additional sensors (e.g. current, voltage, temperature, DGA), analogue I/O (e.g. 4-20mA/0-5V/0-10V), digital I/O and relays.|
|Instrument type||IEC61000-4-30, Class A.|
|Current Sensors||Flexible current probes or clamp-on current probes with automatic detection.|
|Current (instrument)||±0.2% of full scale. System accuracy depends on sensor.|
|Voltage||±0.1% of nominal value as specified above.|
|Voltage temperature coefficient||Approx. 25ppm/C|
|Environment and safety|
|Use||Indoor and outdoor.|
|Altitude||Up to 2000m.|
|Operating Temperature||-20°C to +85°C.|
|Relative Humidity||20% to 99% Relative Humidity.|
|Degree of Protection||IP66 (all weather housing).|
|Certifications / type testing|
|EMC||EN55022:1998 _A1:2000 +A2:2003 CLASS A.|
|Salt Spray (Corrosion)||MIL STD 810 G.|
|Outdoor weathering (UV)||IEEE 495:2007 or equivalent.|
|Random Vibration||MIL STD 810 G.|
|Impact Test||IEEE 495:2007 or equivalent.|
|Safety Category||IEC 61010-1, Pollution degree 3; CAT III 600V, >10kV withstand.|
|Power supply||Phase A voltage, range: (60-400)VACrms; 15VA typical.|
|USB powered (Mini USB)||Configuration and download.|
|Backup power||Rechargeable battery – LiFePO4.|
|Backup battery duration||5 minutes. Longer duration (30 minutes with 24 hours recharge) available on request.|
|Real time clock (RTC) battery||Non rechargeable Lithium backup battery. Functional life: > 10 years.|
|RTC||Typical ±3ppm from -15 to 60C. Drift <1 second per week.|
|GPS (internal)||Time accuracy: <1ms. External antenna required.|
|Display||Colour graphic LCD (4.3” 480×272 Graphic TFT LCD); Dimensions: (97 x 56) mm.|
|Enclosure dimensions||(180 x 180 x 60) mm; Length side ports: Current and voltage channels; Width side ports: Data, temperature and expansion module i/o connectors.|
|Weight||1.05kg (instrument only).|
|Case material and colour||Polycarbonate, moulded in light grey.|